Express Entry

Express Entry is the most common system used for skilled workers to become permanent residents in Canada.

The main steps are:

n order to get into the Express Entry pool, one must first meet the minimum requirement for one of the following four programs. Once you’re in the pool, then you are awarded points based on the ranking system.

    • the Federal Skilled Worker Program,
    • the Federal Skilled Trades Program,
    • the Canadian Experience Class, and
    • A portion of Provincial Nominee Programs

Once you’re in the pool, then you are awarded points based on the following ranking system:

CRS – A. Core / human capital factors

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Age With a spouse or common-law partner (max 100 points) Without a spouse or common-law partner (max 110 points)
17 or less 0 0
18 90 99
19 95 105
20 – 29 100 110
30 95 105
31 90 99
32 85 94
33 80 88
36 65 72
37 60 66
38 55 61
39 50 55
40 45 50
41 35 39
42 25 28
43 15 17
44 5 6
45 and more 0 0
Level of Education With a spouse or common-law (max 140 points) Without a spouse or common-law (max 150 points)
Less than secondary school (high school) 0 0
Secondary diploma (high school graduation) 28 30
One-year degree, diploma or certificate from a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute 84 90
Two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute 91 98
Bachelor’s degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute 112 120
Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years 119 128
Master’s degree, OR professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree,” the degree program must have been in: medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.) 126 135
Doctoral level university degree (Ph.D.) 140 150

Official languages proficiency – first official language

Maximum points for each ability (reading, writing, speaking and listening):

    • 32 with a spouse or common-law partner
    • 34 without a spouse or common-law partner
Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability With a spouse or common-law partner (max 22 points) With a spouse or common-law partner (max 24 points)
CLB 4 or less 0 0
CLB 5 or 6 1 1
CLB 7 or 8 3 3
CLB 9 or more 6 6
Canadian work experience With a spouse or common-law partner (max 70 points) Without a spouse or common-law partner (max 80 points)
None or less than a year 0 0
1 year 35 40
2 year 46 53
3 years 56 64
4 years 63 72
5 years or more 70 80

Subtotal: A. Core / human capital factors

    • With a spouse or common-law partner – Maximum 460 points
    • Without a spouse or common-law partner – Maximum 500 points

CRS – B. Spouse or common-law partner factors (if applicable)

Spouse’s or common-law partner’s level of education Points (max 10)
Less than secondary school (high school) 0
Secondary school (high school graduation) 2
One-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute 6
Two-year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute 7
Bachelor’s degree OR a three or more year program at a university, college, trade or technical school, or other institute 8
Two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees. One must be for a program of three or more years 9
Master’s degree, or professional degree needed to practice in a licensed profession (For “professional degree”, the degree program must have been in: medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, optometry, law, chiropractic medicine, or pharmacy.) 10
Doctoral level university degree (PhD) 10

Spouse’s or common-law partner’s official languages proficiency – first official language

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level per ability (reading, writing, speaking and listening ) Points per ability
CLB 4 or less 0 0
CLB 5 or less 6 1
CLB 7 or less 8 3
CLB 9 or more 5
Spouse’s Canadian work experience Points (max 10)
None or less than a year 0
1 year 5
2 year 7
3 year 8
4 year 9
5 years or more 10

Subtotal : A. Core / human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors = Maximum 500 points

CRS – C. Skill transferability factors (Maximum 100 points for this section)

Education/Experience

With good official language proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark Level [CLB] 7 or higher) and a post-secondary degree Points for CLB 7 or more on all first official language abilities, with one or more under CLB 9 (max 25 points) Points for CLB 9 or more on all four first official language abilities (max 50 points)
Secondary school (high school) credential or less 0 0
Post-secondary program credential of one year or longer 13 25
Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer 25 50
With Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree Points for education + 1 year of Canadian work experience (max 25 points) Points for education + 2 years or more of Canadian work experience (max 50 points)
Secondary school (high school) credential or less 0 0
Post-secondary program credential of one year or longer 13 25
Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer 25 50

Foreign work experience – With good official language proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark Level [CLB] 7 or higher)

Years of experience Points for foreign work experience + CLB 7 or more on all first official language abilities, one or more under 9 (max 25 points) Points for foreign work experience + CLB 9 or more on all four first official language abilities (max 50 points)
No foreign work experience 0 0
1 or 2 years of foreign work experience 13 25
3 years or more of foreign work experience 25 50

Foreign work experience – With Canadian work experience

Years of experience Points for foreign work experience + 1 year of Canadian work experience (max 25 points) Points for foreign work experience + 2 years or more of Canadian work experience (max 50 points)
No foreign work experience 0 0
1 or 2 years of foreign work experience 13 25
3 years or more of foreign work experience 25 50
Certificate of qualification (trade occupations) – With good official language proficiency (Canadian Language Benchmark Level [CLB] 5 or higher) Points for certificate of qualification + CLB 5 or more on all first official language abilities, one or more under 7 (max 25 points) Points for certificate of qualification + CLB 7 or more on all four first official language abilities (max 50 points)
With a certificate of qualification 25 50

Subtotal: A. Core / human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Skill transferability factors – Maximum 600 points

CRS – D. Additional points (Maximum 600 points)

Additional points Maximum 600 points
Post-secondary education in Canada – credential of one or two years 15
Post-secondary education in Canada – credential three years or longer 30
Arranged employment – NOC 00 200
Arranged employment – any other NOC 0, A or B 50
Provincial or territorial nomination 60

Subtotal: D. Additional points – Maximum 600 points

Grand total: A. Core / human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Skill transferability factors + D. Additional points = Maximum 1,200 points

Federal Skilled Worker

Federal Skilled Worker applications are assessed based on an applicant's ability to become economically established upon immigration to Canada.

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Canadian Experience Class

To be considered for the Canadian Experience Class, you need to have Canadian skilled work experience within three years of applying.

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Federal Skilled Trades

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for people who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade. It was launched on January 2nd 2013.

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Express Entry

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