Who is a federal skilled worker?
Skilled worker is a person who can compete and succeed in the country’s knowledge-based economy and has the ability to be self supporting upon the arrival in Canada. In order to qualify, the applicant must score a minimum of 67 points out of the possible 100 points.
As of January of 2015, since the introduction of the Express Entry system, the 2014 accepted occupation list no longer applies and there are no limits on how many applicants are accepted under each occupation.
Under the Express Entry system, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will invite people to apply for permanent residence based on the information they enter in an online profile. You cannot apply directly to any of these programs unless CIC sends you an Invitation to Apply (ITA).
The Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC) has five main requirements:
- At least one year (1,560 hours total / 30 hours per week), continuous full-time or an equal amount in part-time, paid work, in the same job, within the last 10 years, and at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B
- Meet the minimum language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7
- Have your credentials assessed by an accepted credential assessment organization (If you have studied abroad)
- Show proof of settlement funds to support yourself and your family (if you are not currently working in Canada)
- Receive a minimum of 67 points out of 100 from the six selection factors
CIC assesses federal skilled worker applications based on six selection factors.
If you score 67 points or higher (out of 100), you may qualify to immigrate to Canada as a federal skilled worker. If you score lower than the pass mark of 67 points, you will not qualify to immigrate to Canada as a federal skilled worker. It is better not to apply at this time.
1. English and/or French skills
|First Official Language||Speaking||Listening||Reading||Writing|
|CLB level 9 or higher||6||6||6||6|
|CLB level 8||5||5||5||5|
|CLB level 7||4||4||4||4|
|Below CLB level 7||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply|
You can only get four points in total for basic-level skills in your second official language, and only if you have a score of at least CLB 5 in each of the four language abilities.
|Second Official Language||Points|
|At least CLB5 in all of the four abilities||4|
|CLB 4 or less in any of the four abilities||0|
You can earn selection points for your education.
To get points, you must:
- prove that you earned a Canadian diploma or certificate, OR
- have your foreign education assessed by an agency approved by CIC to show it is valid and equal to a completed Canadian credential.
You must include your Canadian credential or your foreign credential and Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report when you apply.
|Education||Maximum 25 points|
|University degree at the Doctoral (PhD) level or equal||25|
|University degree at the Master’s level or equal OR University level entry-to-practice professional degree (or equal). Occupation related to the degree must be:
|Two or more Canadian post-secondary degrees or diplomas or equal (at least one must be for a program of at least three years)||22|
|Canadian post-secondary degree or diploma for a program of three years or longer, or equal||21|
|Canadian post-secondary degree or diploma for a two-year program, or equal||19|
|Canadian post-secondary degree or diploma for a one-year program, or equal||15|
|Canadian high school diploma, or equal||5|
You can get points for the number of years you have spent in full-time paid work (at least 30 hours per week, or an equal amount of part-time).
National Occupational Classification (NOC)
The NOC is a system used to classify jobs in the Canadian economy. It describes duties, skills, talents and work settings for different jobs. CIC uses the 2011 edition of the NOC to assess skilled worker applications.
If the description and list of main duties match what you did at your last job(s), you can count this experience for points.
Use this chart to find the number of points based on your number of years of experience.
|Experience||Maximum 15 points|
|6 or more years||15|
You will get points based on your age on the day when the Centralized Intake Office gets your application.
|Age||Maximum 12 points|
|47 and older||0|
3. Arranged employment in Canada
In some cases, you can get points if you have a full-time job offer of at least one year from a Canadian employer. The job must be arranged before you apply to come to Canada as a federal skilled worker.
A valid job offer has to be:
- for continuous, full-time work that is:
- not seasonal
- for at least one year
- in an occupation listed as Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC).
|You currently work in Canada on a temporary work permit.||Your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the visa is issued (or you are authorized to work in Canada without a work permit when your visa is issued).
CIC issued your work permit based on a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Your employer would have applied for the LMIA, which you then had to attach to your application to CIC.
You are working for an employer named on your work permit who has made a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
|You currently work in Canada in a job that is exempt from the LMIA requirement under:
||Your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the visa is issued (or you are authorized to work in Canada without a permit when your visa is issued).
Your current employer has made a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
|You currently do not:
||An employer has made you a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
The employer has a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment from ESDC.
If you have a spouse or common‑law partner who will immigrate with you to Canada, they can earn points for adaptability too. You can only get points for each item once.
The maximum number of points in this section is 10.
|Adaptability||Maximum 10 points|
|Your spouse or partner’s language level Your spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all four language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing). To get these points, you must submit test results from an approved agency when you apply. Results can not be more than two years old on the day you apply.||5|
|Your past study in Canada You finished at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program at least two years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and you must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.||5|
|Your spouse or partner’s past study in Canada Your spouse or common-law partner finished at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program at least two years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.||5|
|Your past work in Canada You did at least one year of full-time work in Canada:
|Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in Canada Your spouse / partner did at least one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.||5|
|Arranged Employment in Canada You earned points under Factor 5: Arranged Employment.||5|
|Relatives in Canada You, or, if it applies, your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative, either a